Otto Plantema
Trips around the world

Resident and/or breeding species or passing through the islands:

Ashy-headed Goose - Chloephaga poliocephala - Ouette à tête grise

Austral Thrush - Turdus falcklandii - Merle austral

Baird’s Sandpiper - Calidris bairdii - Bécasseau de Baird

Barn Owl – Tyto alba – Effraie des clochers

Barn Swallow - Hirundo rustica - Hirondelle rustique

Black-browed Albatross - Thalassarche melanophris - Albatros à sourcils noirs  

Black-chinned Siskin - Carduelis barbata – Chardonneret à menton noir

Blackish Cinclodes - Cinclodes antarcticus - Cinclode fuligineux

Black-crowned Night Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax – Bihoreau gris

Black-necked Swan - Cygnus melanocoryphus - Cygne à cou noir 

Blackish Oystercatcher – Haematopus ater - Huitrier noir

Brown-hooded Gull - Chroicocephalus maculipennis - Mouette de Patagonie

Brown Skua – Stercorarius antarcticus - Labbe antarctique

Buller’s Albatross - Thalassarche bulleri - Albatros de Buller

Chiloe Wigeon - Anas sibilatrix - Canard de Chiloé  

Cinnamon Teal - Anas cyanoptera - Sarcelle cannelle

Correndera Pipit - Anthus correndera - Pipit correndera

Coscoroba Swan – Coscoroba coscoroba - Coscoroba blanc

Crested Duck - Lophonetta specularioides - Canard huppé

Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant - Muscisaxicola maclovianus - Dormilon bistré

Dolphin Gull – Leucophaeus scoresbii - Goéland de Scoresby

Gentoo Penguin - Pygoscelis papua - Manchot papou

Great Grebe - Podiceps major - Grand grèbe

Grey-headed Albatross – Thalassarche chrysostoma – Albatros à tête grise

House Sparrow - Passer domesticus - Moineau domestique

Kelp Goose - Chloephaga hybrida - Ouette marine

Kelp Gull - Larus dominicanus – Goéland dominicain

Imperial Shag - Leucocarbo atriceps - Cormoran impérial

King Penguin - Aptenodytes patagonicus - Manchot Royal

Light-mantled Albatross - Phoebetria palpebrata - Albatros fuligineux

Long-tailed Jaeger - Stercorarius longicaudus - Labbe à longue queue

Long-tailed Meadowlark -Sturnella loyca - Sturnelle australe

Macaroni Penguin – Eudyptes chrysolophus – Gorfou doré

Rock Shag or Magellanic Cormorant – Phalacrocorax magellanicus – Cormoran de Magellan

Magellanic Oystercatcher - Haematopus leucopodus - Huîtrier de Garnot

Magellanic Penguin - Spheniscus magellanicus - Manchot de Magellan

Magellanic Snipe - Gallinago magellanica - Bécassine de Magellan

Maguari Stork - Ciconia maguari - Cigogne maguari

Northern Giant-Petrel – Macronectes halli – Pétrel de Hall

Peregrine Falcon - Falco peregrinus - Faucon pèlerin

Ruddy-headed Goose - Chloephaga rubidiceps – Ouette à tête rousse

Rufous-chested Plover - Charadrius modestus – Gravelot d’Urville

Sanderling – Calidris alba - Bécasseau sanderling

Sedge Wren or Grass Wren - Cistothorus platensis - Troglodyte à bec court

Short-eared Owl - Asio flammeus sanfordi - Hibou des marais

Silver Teal - Anas versicolor - Sarcelle bariolée

Silvery Grebe - Podiceps occipitalis - Grèbe aux belles joues

Snowy Sheathbill - Chionis alba - Chionis blanc

South-American Tern - Sterna hirundinacea - Sterne hirundinacée

Southern Crested Caracara - Caracara plancus – Caracara huppé

Southern Giant Petrel - Macronectes giganteus - Pétrel géant

Southern Rockhopper Penguin - Eudyptes chrysocome - Gorfou sauteur

Striated Caracara - Phalcoboenus australis - Caracara austral

Turkey Vulture - Cathartes aura - Urubu à tête rouge

Two-banded Plover - Charadrius falklandicus - Pluvier ou Gravelot des Falkland

Upland Goose - Chloephaga picta - Ouette de Magellan

Variable Hawk - Geranoaetus polyosoma – Buse tricolore

Wandering Albatross - Diomedea exulans - Albatros hurleur

Western Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibis - Héron garde-bœufs

White-bridled Finch - Melanodera melanodera - Mélanodère à sourcils blancs

White-chinned Petrel - Procellaria aequinoctialis - Puffin à menton blanc

Yellow-billed Pintail - Anas georgica - Canard à queue pointue

Yellow-billed Teal - Anas flavirostris – Sarcelle tachetée

 

Introduced species:

Greylag Goose - Anser anser - Oie cendrée

House Sparrow - Passer domesticus - Moineau domestique

Mallard – Anas platyrhynchos – Canard colvert

 

Sources:

A Complete Guide to Antarctic Wildlife by Hadoram Shirihai and Illustrated by Brett Jarrett - Edited by Guy M. Kirwan - ALUL.A Press Oy, Finland - ISBN 9519894705

Birds & Seals of the Falkland Islands

Birds of Falkland Islands

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Avibase (Lepage Denis)

BirdLife International (BirdLife International)

 

FALKLAND ISLANDS

ENDEMIC BIRD SPECIES

 

Falkland Islands is an archipelago located off South America in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf, at about 480 km from Argentina’s coasts, and 940 km from N Antarctica. East Falkland and West Falkland are the main islands, but there are more than 700 smaller islands too. They are included in the “mild” Antarctic Zone.

Several habitat types can be found with varied soils, from coastal areas, through grassy or shrubby lowlands, to hills and mountains. The climate is usually cold, windy and humid, with regular rainfall. Cloudy sky is common.
Naturally treeless grounds, the Falklands are partially covered with wind-resistant vegetation.   

The wildlife is very similar to that of Patagonia. Large numbers of birds, about 227 species, can be seen around the islands, and numerous species, over 60 ones, breed on the small islands.
The resident species include 21 land birds and 18 water birds, and we can add 22 seabird species which breed on the islands. Finally, 63 species breed on the islands. But the unique endemic bird is the Falkland Island Steamer Duck (Tachyeres brachypterus) and maybe a second one, the Cobb's Wren.    

Introduced cats, rats, foxes and other predators have a negative impact on birds nesting on the ground. House Sparrows and domestic geese are the only introduced bird species.  

 

Falklands endemic species:

Cobb’s Wren - Troglodytes cobbi – Troglodyte de Cobb

Falkland Steamerduck - Tachyeres brachypterus - Brassemer des Malouines

John Anderson 
John Anderson Photo Galleries