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Tom Merigan
Tom Merigan’s Photo Galleries

GALAPAGOS ISLANDS

ENDEMIC BIRD SPECIES

 

The Galápagos Islands are constituted by several volcanic islands off the West Coast of South America, distributed on either sides of the Equator in the Pacific Ocean. There are 18 main islands, some smaller ones and numerous rocks and islets.
The weather is regularly influenced by El Niño, involving warm temperatures at sea surface and lack of food for numerous species. The Humboldt Current along the coasts brings cold water and bad weather to these islands.   

The Galapagos were proclaimed a National Park in 1959. The wildlife has arrived by flying, swimming and floating.
With few plants on these rocks, all species have adapted to survive, and are today endemic to these stark rocky islands.

Numerous endemic bird species were studied by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the Beagle. The Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection was born!

 

Galapagos endemic bird species:

Common Cactus Finch – Geospiza scandens – Géospize des cactus

Flightless Cormorant - Phalacrocorax harrisi - Cormoran Aptère

Floreana Mockingbird - Mimus trifasciatus - Moqueur de Floreana

Galapagos Dove - Zenaida galapagoensis - Tourterelle des Galápagos  

Galapagos Flycatcher - Myiarchus magnirostris - Tyran des Galápagos

Galapagos Hawk – Buteo galapagoensis - Buse des Galápagos

Galapagos Mockingbird - Mimus parvulus - Moqueur des Galápagos

Galapagos Penguin - Spheniscus mendiculus - Manchot des Galápagos

Galapagos Rail - Laterallus spilonotus - Râle des Galápagos

Green Warbler-Finch – Certhidea olivacea – Géospize olive  

Grey Warbler-Finch – Certhidea fusca – Géospize gris  

Hood Mockingbird - Mimus macdonaldi - Moqueur d’Espanola

Large Cactus Finch – Geospiza conirostris – Géospize à bec conique

Large Ground Finch – Geospiza magnirostris – Géospize à gros bec

Large Tree Finch – Camarhynchus psittacula – Géospize psittacin

Lava Gull - Leucophaeus fuliginosus - Mouette obscure

Lava Heron – Butorides sundevalli – Héron des Galápagos

Mangrove Finch – Camarhynchus heliobates – Géospize des mangroves

Medium Ground Finch – Geospiza fortis – Géospize à bec moyen

Medium Tree Finch – Camarhynchus pauper – Géospize modeste

San Cristobal Mockingbird - Mimus melanotis - Moqueur de San Cristobal

Sharp-beaked Ground Finch – Geospiza difficilis – Géospize à bec pointu

Small Ground Finch – Geospiza fuliginosa – Géospize fuligineux

Small Tree Finch – Camarhyncus parvulus – Géospize minuscule  

Vegetarian Finch – Platyspiza crassirostris – Géospize crassirostre

Woodpecker Finch – Camarhynchus pallidus – Géospize pique-bois

 

Resident breeding non-endemic species:

American Flamingo - Phoenicopterus ruber - Flamant des Caraïbes

Dark-billed Cuckoo - Coccyzus melacoryphus - Coulicou de Vieillot

Great Blue Heron – Ardea Herodias – Grand Héron

Great Egret - Egretta alba - Grande aigrette

Great Frigatebird - Fregata minor - Frégate du Pacifique

Red-tailed Tropicbird - Phaethon rubricauda - Phaéton à brins rouges

Wedge-rumped Storm Petrel - Oceanodroma tethys - Océanite téthys

 

Endemic subspecies (They may evolve into a distinct species):

American Oystercatcher  – Haematopus palliates – Huîtrier d’Amérique

Barn Owl – Tyto alba – Effraie des clochers

Blue-footed Booby - Sula nebouxii - Fou à pieds bleus

Brown Noddy - Anous stolidus - Noddi brun

Brown Pelican - Pelecanus occidentalis - Pélican brun

Magnificent Frigatebird – Fregata magnificens – Frégate superbe

Nazca Booby - Sula granti - Fou de Grant

Red-footed Booby – Sula sula – Fou à pieds rouges

Short-eared Owl - Asio flammeus - Hibou des marais

Yellow-crowned Night Heron – Nyctanassa violacea – Bihoreau violacé

Yellow Warbler - Dendroica petechia - Paruline jaune

 

Frequent non-breeding visitors:

Belted Kingfisher - Megaceryle alcyon - Martin-pêcheur d'Amérique

Least Sandpiper - Calidris minutilla - Bécasseau minuscule

Greater Yellowlegs - Tringa melanoleuca - Chevalier criard

Osprey – Pandion Haliaetus – Balbuzard pêcheur

 

Sources :

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Avibase (Lepage Denis)

BirdLife International (BirdLife International)

Adventure Life

 

LANDSCAPES

AND

VEGETATION